But public sentiment towards the executions began to wane as the concepts of basic human rights were being developed throughout the century. As a result, a kind of unofficial moratorium was placed on all executions while several Supreme Court cases were taking place to determine the legality of the punishment. The result of the cases actually made the death penalty illegal as it stood, so several states rewrote their …show more content…. Proponents of the death penalty also view it as a deterrent to crime.
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Just by having the possible punishment of death as an end result to a heinous crime has lowered the murder rate in some states. The feeling is that the more executions you have, the lower the homicide rate you will have. Not to mention the innocent lives you will save.
Supporters of capital punishment will cite studies showing that murderers who are allowed to live will inevitably kill again. Studies have shown that murderers awaiting their death penalty sentence to be carried out have killed correction officers, knowing there could be no additional fate assigned to them. Another argument made in favor of the death penalty is one of Biblical proportions.
As he has injured the other, so he is to be injured. Gray, Lastly, many supporters of capital punishment feel that it is appropriate to give a punishment that fits the crime and one that is universal. Show More. Read More. Beheading: Only two countries execute people by chopping their head off: Saudi Arabia and Iraq. Electric chair: the US only Nobody knows how quickly a person dies from the electric shock, or what they experience. The ACLU describes two cases where prisoners apparently lived for 4 to 10 minutes before finally expiring.
Firing squad: The prisoner is bound and shot through the heart by multiple marksmen. In the U. It was abandoned in favor of lethal injection on MAR, except for four convicted killers on death row who had previously chosen death by firing squad. Guillotine: A famous French invention not used in North America. It severs the neck. Death comes very quickly. Hanging: If properly conducted, this is a humane method.
The neck is broken and death comes quickly.
However, if the free-fall distance is inadequate, the prisoner ends up slowly being strangled to death. Typically, sodium pectoral is injected to make the prisoner unconscious. Then pancuronium bromide is injected. It terminates breathing and paralyzes the individual finally; potassium chloride is injected to stop the heart. If properly conducted, the prisoner fades quickly into unconsciousness.
If the dosage of drugs is too low, the person may linger for many minutes, experiencing paralysis. Executions in the U. This technique has been challenged recently by those who feel that the prisoner may not be rendered unconscious by the drugs. Some suggest that this method can be extremely painful.
- Abolishing the Death Penalty Thesis.
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- Death Penalty Thesis.
Poison gas : Cyanide capsules are dropped into acid producing Hydrogen Cyanide, a deadly gas. This takes many minutes of agony before a person dies. The rocks are chosen so that they are large enough to cause significant injury to the victim, but are not so large that a single rock will kill the prisoner.
Used in northern Afghanistan and Iran, as a penalty for murder, adultery, blasphemy, and other crimes. Certifying death, which does not require monitoring but does require the physician to sign a death certificate, is allowed in the AMA guidelines. Opinion 2. Many persons argued many things in favor of the Capital Punishment. Some of those arguments in favor of the Capital Punishment are discussed here under this heading. The retributive notion of punishment, in general, is that a as a foundational matter of justice, criminals deserve punishment, and b punishment should be equal to the harm done.
Historically, capital punishment is most often associated lex talionis retribution. If it kills the son of the owner, then the son of that builder shall be put to death. Critics of classic lex talionis quieted capital punishment point out several problems with this view. First, as a practical matter, lex talionis retribution cannot be uniformly applied to every harm of committed. For example, if a terrorist or mass murderer kills ten people, then taking his single life is technically not punishment in kind.
Third, foundational beliefs, in general, have the unfortunate consequence of appearing arbitrary. If a belief in lex talionis retribution is foundational. Then, by definition, it cannot be defended by appealing to a prior set of reasons. The arbitrary nature of this is particularly clear when we see that there is an alternative retributive view of punishment which is equally foundational, yet which does not require capital punishment, namely lex silica retribution. Finally, critics of capital punishment argue that the true basis of retributive justifications of capital punishment is not at all foundational but instead rooted in psychological feelings of vengeance.
Even if we grant that vengeance is a natural human emotion, critics argue that it is an impulse which should be tempered, just as we do natural feelings of fear, lust, and greed. Laws about punishment, then, should not be grounded in our extreme feelings, but should instead be based on our more tempered ones. When we moderate our natural feelings of vengeance, there should be little inclination to execute criminals. Immanuel Kant offered an alternative retributive justification of capital punishment which is not rooted in vengeance.
Instead, for Kant, capital punishment is based on the idea that every person is a valuable and worthy of respect because of their ability to make rational and free choices. The murder, too, is worthy of respect: we. Thus, show him respect by treating him the same way he declares that people are to be treated.
Death Penalty Thesis Statement
Accordingly, we execute the murderer. The fear of being condemned to death is perhaps the greatest deterrent, which keeps an offender away from criminality. The death penalty in case of murder serves as an effective deterrent to remind the murderer about the severity of law towards this heinous crime and this certainly helps in reducing the incidence of homicide. The old methods of public execution though abandoned today, were directed to make the sentence as frightening as possible.
The present trend, however, is to keep the number of offenses punishable by death to a minimum and avoid death penalty as far as possible although its retention in the statute book is favored even to this day. Capital punishment permanently removes the worst criminals from society and should prove much cheaper and safer for the rest of us than long-term or permanent incarceration. It is self-evident that dead criminals cannot commit any further crimes. There are a number of incontrovertible arguments against the death penalty.
The most important one is the virtual certainty that genuinely innocent people will be executed and that there is no possible way of compensating them for this miscarriage of justice. There is also another significant danger here. The person convicted of the murder may have actually killed the victim and may even admit having done so but does not agree that the killing was murder. Often the only people who know what really happened are the accused and the deceased. It then comes down to the skill of the prosecution and defense lawyers as to whether there will be a conviction for murder or for manslaughter.
It is thus highly probable that people are convicted of murder when they should really have only been convicted of manslaughter. A second reason, that is often overlooked, is the hell the innocent family and friends of criminals must also go through in the time leading up to and during the execution and which will often cause them serious trauma for years afterward. It is often very difficult for people to come to terms with the fact that their loved one could be guilty of a serious crime and no doubt even more difficult to crone to terms with their death in this form.
However strongly you may support capital punishment two wrongs do not make one right. There must always be the concern that the state can administer the death penalty justly, most countries have a very poor record on this. Although racism is claimed in the administration of the death penalty in America, statistics show that white prisoners are more liable to be sentenced to death on conviction for first-degree murder and are also less likely to have their sentences commuted than black defendants. It must be remembered that criminals are real people too.
Who has life and with it the capacity to feel pain, fear and the loss of their loved ones and all the other emotions that the rest of us are capable of feeling. It is easier to put this thought on one side when discussing the awful multiple murderers but less so when discussing, say. An eighteen-year-old girl convicted of drug trafficking. Singapore hanged two girls for this crime in who were both only eighteen at the time of their offenses and China shot an year-old girl for the same offense in There is no such thing as a humane method of putting a person to death irrespective of what the State may claim see later.
Every form of execution causes the prisoner suffering, some methods perhaps cause less than others but be in no doubt that being executed is a terrifying and gruesome ordeal for the criminal. What is also often overlooked is the extreme mental torture that the criminal suffers in the time leading up to the execution. How would you feel knowing that you were going to die tomorrow morning at 8. There may be a brutalizing effect upon society by carrying out executions — this was apparent in this country during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries when people turned out to enjoy the spectacle.
They still do today in those countries where executions are carried out in public. I mink there is a natural voyeurism in most people. In the case of the worst criminals, this may be acceptable but is more questionable in the case of less awful crimes. There within prison or after escaping or being released from it.
The Bible requires the death penalty for a wide variety of crimes, including sex before marriage, adultery, homosexual behavior, doing work on Saturday and murder. It even calls for some criminals e. Most Christians, with the exception of those in the Reconstructions movement, feel that many of these grounds for the death penalties no longer apply to Christian societies. However, Bible passages are still used to promote the retention of capital punishment for murderers; some advocate that homosexuals also are executed.
Many people feel that killing convicted murderers will satisfy their need for justice and vengeance. They feel that certain crimes are so heinous that executing the criminal is the only reasonable response. Once a convicted murder is executed and buried, there are no further maintenance costs to the state.
This appears to be invalid; the cost to the state paying for multiple appeals is greater than the cost of imprisoning an inmate. Once a convicted murderer is executed, there is no chance that be will break out of jail and kill or injure someone. Some feel that permitting premeditated murder is totally unacceptable, even if done by the state. Capital punishment lowers the value of human life as seen by the general population and brutalizes society.
It is based on a need for revenge. We do not believe that reinforcement of that idea can lead to healthier and safer communities. The death penalty has not been shown to be effective in the reduction of the homicide rate. There are some indications that executions actually increase the murder rate. Human life has intrinsic value, even if a person has murdered another individual. The death penalty denies the sacredness of human life. Live is so precious that nobody should ever be killed, even by the state. The costs to the state of funding appeals by convicted murderers would more than pay for their permanent incarceration.
From the illustration to the present, both a noticeable decrease in executions and a decrease in the catalog of crimes punishing the death penalty, which generally reduces, in the countries that recognize it, to the qualified homicides, child rapes or illicit drug trafficking. Contemporary states have gone from an inordinate extension of the death penalty to an exceptional, scarce and infrequent application of the death penalty.
In this new configuration the democratic principles of humanity, equality, fraternity and the monitoring of Human Rights in contemporary society have influenced. Nowadays, the legal treatment of the death penalty varies between an extreme abolitionism, for which the death penalty is not applied to any crime Germany, Austria, Denmark, France, Norway, the Netherlands, Portugal, Uruguay and Venezuela , and a moderate conservatism, which is characterized by restricting its application, to a certain number of crimes Saudi Arabia, China, USA, Iran, Malaysia, Nigeria, Pakistan, Peru , passing, previously, by an exceptional conservatism, reserved for crimes derived from an emergency situation, as is the case of foreign war Spain, Italy, Peru in the period between and The arguments that are used in favor of the death penalty try to demonstrate appealing to rational or emotional criteria, the coexistence of its establishment or conservation in a certain legal system:.
In line with thesis statement about death penalty, it is pointed out that the death penalty has been practiced by all peoples and at all times and still survives today in some fully developed nations like the USA. Its eradication of the punitive catalog would not make sense because humanity throughout its history has shown itself favorable to its application.
Abolishing the Death Penalty Thesis - Words | Bartleby
It is also pointed out that the restriction of capital punishment does not necessarily imply its disappearance. Faced with the commission of crimes and serious crimes, the immediate, indifferent and prompt application of capital punishment thesis is postulated with the aim of restoring the normative trust of society in legal norms and law.
By executing the culprit, society recovers from the commotion produced by the perpetration of the crimes and potential criminals are intimidated and persuaded about the consequences that their criminal act can bring. The severity of the sanction has a double effect; On the one hand, it allows society to rekindle its confidence in the norms and renew your faith in the law, and on the other hand help to instill fear to all who intend to commit criminal offenses.
Thomas Aquinas already pointed out that in the same way that the surgeon must amputate the arm to prevent the infection from spreading to the rest of the body; thus, the delinquent must also be eliminated to avoid contaminating society. According to criterion of thesis statement on death penalty, capital punishment favors the offender, the treasury and society. The supposed utility to the treasury is manifested in the high cost that represents the maintenance of the wrongdoer that is opposed to the lowest sum of the cost of execution.